Сравнение VMware vSphere Microsoft Hyper-V и Citrix Xen

Основные характеристики

Редакция Hypervisor (ex free ESXi) Essentials Enterprise Plus Hyper-V Server DataCenter Free Edition Platinum Edition
Исходные Maturity (Release Date) ESX: 2001 ESXi: Dec-2007 ESX: 2001/ 2, ESXi: Dec-2007 ESX: 2001/ 2, ESXi: Dec-2007 Hyper-V Jun 08, Hyper-V Server: Oct 08 Hyper-V Jun 08, Hyper-V Server: Oct 08 Xen - 2003, Citrix XenServer 2007 Xen - 2003, Citrix XenServer 2007
Perceived Market Position Leader Leader Leader Challenger Challenger Visionary Visionary
Цены Virtualization ($) HV: Free + Optional $248 (B) $298 (Prod) n/ a Ent+ : $3,495/ socket + S&S:$734 (B) or $874 (Prod) Hyper-V Server is Free DataCenter: $2,999/ socket Free (Support $3000) $5000/ server+ $3000 (support)
Management ($) vSphere Client Free n/ a $4,995(S) + $1,049 (B) or $1,249 (P), $1,495(Fnd) + $545(B) or $645(P) SMSE: $1569/ host) or SMSD: $1310 SMSD/ CPU (2 CPU min) SMSE: $1569/ host) or SMSD: $1310 SMSD/ CPU (2 CPU min) Free (XenCenter) Free (XenCenter)
Bundle/ Kit Pricing ($) n/ a Ess: $611 + $299 (optional Support) Ent+ AK: $32,994 (Prod) or $31,938 (B) n/ a n/ a n/ a n/ a
Guest OS Licensing Not included Not included Not included No yes - unlimited (Windows) No No

Управление

Редакция Hypervisor (ex free ESXi) Essentials Enterprise Plus Hyper-V Server DataCenter Free Edition Platinum Edition
Общее Central Management No Yes (vCenter Server Essentials) Yes (vCenter Server) Yes (SCVMM/ SMSE/ SMSD) Yes (SCVMM/ SMSE/ SMSD) Yes (XenCenter) Yes (XenCenter)
Virtual and Physical No No No Yes Yes No Limited
RBAC/ AD-Integration Yes (ESXi hosts only) Yes (vCenter and ESX/ ESXi hosts) Yes (vCenter and ESX/ ESXi hosts) Yes (SCVMM and hosts) Yes (SCVMM and hosts) No Yes (hosts/ XenCenter)
Cross-Vendor Mgmt No No No Limited Limited No Very Limited
VM Mobility Live Migration of VMs No No Yes vMotion (4/ 8) Yes Live Migration (1) Yes Live Migration (1) Yes XenMotion (1) Yes XenMotion (1)
Migration Compatibility No No Yes (EVC) Yes (Processor Compatibility) Yes (Processor Compatibility) No Yes (Heterogeneous Pools)
Maintenance Mode No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Automated Live Migration No No Yes (DRS) - CPU, Mem Semi-Integr.(CPU,Mem,3rd party) Semi-Integr.(CPU,Mem,3rd party) No Yes (WB) - CPU, Mem, D, N
Power Management No No Yes (DPM) Limited Limited No Yes
Storage Migration No No Yes (Storage vMotion) Limited (Partially Live) Limited (Partially Live) No (offline only) No (offline only)
HA/ DR Cluster Size No DRS/ HA No DRS/ HA 32/ 3000 16/ 1000 16/ 1000 n/ a 16/ 800
Integrated HA (Restart vm) No No Yes (Vmware HA) Yes Yes No Yes
Automatic VM Reset No No Yes (Vmware HA) Yes Yes No No
Seamless VM Failover No No Yes (Fault Tolerance) No No 0 No
Application/ Service HA No No Limited (Vmware HA) Yes Yes No No
Site Failover No No No (SRM fee-based Add-On) Yes (Basic, MS Site Recovery), Opalis Yes (Basic, MS Site Recovery), Opalis No Yes
Updates and Backup Hypervisor Upgrades No (CLI only) Yes (Update Manager) Yes (Update Manager) Yes Yes Limited Limited
VM Patching No Yes (Update Manager) Yes (Update Manager) Yes Yes No No
VM Snapshot Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (not live) yes
Backup Integration API No Yes (vStorage API Data Protection) Yes (vStorage API Data Protection) Yes (VSS API) Yes (VSS API) limited limited
Integrated Backup No No Yes (Data Recovery) Yes (WSB&DPM) Yes (WSB&DPM) No Yes (VMPR)
Other VM Templates No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (templ + PVS)
Host Templates No No Yes (Host Profiles) No No No No
Resource Pools 255GB 255GB Yes No No No No
P2V Yes (Converter) Yes (Converter) Yes (Converter) Yes Yes Yes (XenConvert) Yes (XenConvert)
Service Portal/ Catalogue No No No (vCD fee-based Add-On) VMMSSP VMMSSP No Yes (Lab Manager)
Orchestration/ Workflows No No Yes (vCenter Orchestrator) Yes (Opalis, SC Service Mgr) Yes (Opalis, SC Service Mgr) No Yes (Workflow Studio)
Security No No (fee-based add-on) Yes (vShield Zones) Yes Yes Yes Yes
Systems Management CIM SNMP, Agents (ESX), CIM (ESXi) SNMP, Agents (ESX), CIM (ESXi) Yes (WMI + PowerShell) Yes (WMI + PowerShell) Yes (CIM, WSMAN)) Yes (CIM, WSMAN))

Гипервизор

Редакция Hypervisor (ex free ESXi) Essentials Enterprise Plus Hyper-V Server DataCenter Free Edition Platinum Edition
Общее Hypervisor Details/ Size ESX build Build 348481 ESX build Build 348481 ESX build Build 348481 Hyper-V R2 Hyper-V R2 XenServer 5.6 FP1 'Cowley' XenServer 5.6 FP1 'Cowley'
Host Config Max Consolidation Ratio 320 vm (or 512 vcpu, 25 vCPU/ core) 320vm, 512 vcpu (25/ core) 320vm, 512 vcpu (25/ core) 384 vm, 8/ 12 vCPU per core, 384 vm, 8/ 12 vCPU per core, 50 50
Max CPU - Host 160 (Logical) 160 (Logical) 160 (Logical) 8 (Sockets), 64 (Logical) 64 (Sockets) 64(Logical) 64 (logical) 64 (logical)
Max Cores per CPU 6 6 12 unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimited
Max Memory - Host 256GB 256GB 1TB 1TB 1TB 512GB 512GB
VM Config Max vCPU per VM 4 4 8(Win) / 8(Linux) 4(Win) / 4(Linux) 4(Win) / 4(Linux) 8(Win) / 32(Linux) 8(Win) / 32(Linux)
Max RAM per VM 255GB 255GB (64Gb with FT) 255GB (64Gb with FT) 64GB 64GB 32GB 32GB
Serial Ports Yes (no vSPC) Yes (no vSPC) Yes (incl. vSPC) yes yes No No
Hot Add/ Plug Yes (disk, NIC) Yes (disk, NIC) Yes (CPU, Mem, Disk, NIC) Limited (SCSI disk only) Limited (SCSI disk only) Yes (disk, NIC) Yes (disk, NIC)
Storage Supported Storage DAS, NAS, FC, iSCSI, FCoE DAS, NAS, FC, iSCSI, FCoE DAS, NAS, FC, iSCSI, FCoE DAS, iSCSI, FC, SAS (no NAS) DAS, iSCSI, FC, SAS (no NAS) DAS, SAS, iSCSI, NAS, FC DAS, SAS, iSCSI, NAS, FC
SAN Multipath Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (limited for SAS) Yes (limited for SAS)
Shared Access No Yes (VMFS) Yes (VMFS) Yes (CSV) Yes (CSV) Yes (SR) Yes (SR)
Boot From SAN Yes (SAN, FC, iSCSI, FCoE) Yes (FC, iSCSI, FCoE) Yes (FC, iSCSI, FCoE) Yes (iSCSI, FC) Yes (iSCSI, FC) Yes (iSCSI, FC) Yes (iSCSI, FC)
Boot from USB Yes Yes (ESXi) Yes (ESXi) Yes No No No
Virtual Disk Format vmdk, RDM vmdk, raw disk (RDM) vmdk, raw disk (RDM) vhd, pass-through (raw) vhd, pass-through (raw) vhd, raw disk (LUN) vhd, raw disk (LUN)
Thin Disk Provisioning Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes limited limited
NPIV Support Yes (RDM only) Yes (RDM only) Yes (RDM only) Yes Yes No No
Linked Images No No No Yes Yes Limited Yes (clone, PVS)
Storage Integration (API) No No Yes (VAAI and VAMP) Windows Ecosystem Windows Ecosystem No StorageLink
Storage QoS Yes (basic, no SIOC) Yes (basic, no SIOC) Yes (SIOC) FC, iSCSI only No No Basic Basic
Сеть NIC Teaming Yes Yes Yes 3rd Party 3rd Party Yes Yes
VLAN Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
IPv6 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (guests) Yes (guests)
I/ O Pass-Through Yes (VMDirectPath) Yes (VMDirectPath) Yes (VMDirectPath) No No Limited (SR-IOV) Limited (SR-IOV)
Jumbo Frames Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Offload Support No Yes (TSO, NetQueue, iSCSI) Yes (TSO, NetQueue, iSCSI) Yes (Chimney, LSO, VMQ) Yes (Chimney, LSO, VMQ) Yes (TSO) Yes (TSO)
Distributed Network Switch No No Yes (vDS) No No No Yes
Network QOS Yes (no NetIOC) Yes (no NetIOC) Yes (NetIOC) No No Limited Yes
Память Dynamic / Over-Commit Yes (Memory Ballooning) Yes (Memory Ballooning) Yes (Memory Ballooning) Yes (Dynamic Memory) Yes (Dynamic Memory) No Yes
Memory Page Sharing Yes (Transparent Page Sharing) Yes (Transparent Page Sharing) Yes (Transparent Page Sharing) No No No No
Large Pages Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
HW Memory Translation Yes Yes Yes Yes (SLAT) Yes (SLAT) Yes Yes
Взаимодействие OVF Support Yes (only VA import) Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
HW Compatibility Comprehensive Comprehensive Comprehensive Windows Ecosystem Windows Ecosystem Improving Improving
Guest OS Support Very Comprehensive Very Comprehensive Very Comprehensive Improving Improving Good Good
Scripting/ APIs Yes (SDKs for Perl, Java etc) Yes (SDKs for Perl, Java etc) Yes (SDKs for Perl, Java etc) Yes (PowerShell, WMI API) Yes (PowerShell, WMI API) Yes (SDK, API, PowerShell) Yes (SDK, API, PowerShell)
Cloud API No No vCloud API Azure API n/ a OpenCloud API OpenCloud API

Плагины

Редакция Hypervisor (ex free ESXi) Essentials Enterprise Plus Hyper-V Server DataCenter Free Edition Platinum Edition
Общее Application Management Yes (Hyperic, ADM) Hyperic, AppSpeed, ADM) Hyperic, AppSpeed, ADM) System Center AVIcode (incl.) System Center AVIcode (incl.) EdgeSight EdgeSight
Security No Vmware vShield Vmware vShield MS Forefront + MS Ecosystem MS Forefront + MS Ecosystem Secure/ Access Gateway Secure/ Access Gateway
Lab Automation No vCenter Lab Manager vCenter Lab Manager Visual Studio Lab Management Visual Studio Lab Management No Lab Manager (incl.)
Workflow/ Orchestration No Orchestrator (inlc.) Orchestrator (inlc.) Opalis, SC Service Mgr Opalis, SC Service Mgr No Workflow Studio (incl.)
Site Failover No Site Recovery Manager Site Recovery Manager MS Site Rec (incl.), Citrix SR, Opalis MS Site Rec (incl.), Citrix SR, Opalis No Site Recovery (incl.)
Chargeback No vCenter Chargeback vCenter Chargeback VMMSSP + vKernel VMMSSP + vKernel No XenCenter (limited)
Network Optimization No No yes (Nexus 1000v) n/ a n/ a NetScaler, Branch Repeater NetScaler, Branch Repeater
Desktop Virtualization No Vmware View Vmware View RDS + RemoteFX RDS + RemoteFX XenDesktop, XenClient XenDesktop, XenClient
Cloud Self Service Portal No No vCD, vCRM VMMSSP (incl.) VMMSSP (incl.) Dazzle Lab Manager (incl.), Dazzle

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using-vmware/virtualization-sw-compare.txt · Последние изменения: 2012/02/14 12:20 (внешнее изменение)